Couper, Mick P., Garrett Gremel, William G. Axinn, Heidi Guyer, James Wagner, and Brady T. West. 2018. “New Options for National Population Surveys: The Implications of Internet and Smartphone Coverage.” Social Science Research 73:221-235. DOI.

Mortier, Philippe, Randy P. Auerbach, Jordi Alonso, William G. Axinn, and et al. 2018. “Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors among College Students and Same-aged Peers: Results from the World Health Organization World Mental Health Surveys.” Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 53(3):279-288. DOIPMC5896296.

Axinn, William G., Maura E. Bardos, and Brady T. West. 2018. “General Population Estimates of the Association between College Experience and the Odds of Forced Intercourse.” Social Science Research 70:131-143. DOI.

Publication Abstract

Williams, Nathalie E., Dirgha J. Ghimire, and Karen A. Snedker. 2018. “Fear of Violence during Armed Conflict: Social Roles and Responsibilities as Determinants of Fear.” Social Science Research 71:145-159.

This article investigates the prevalence and determinants of fear as a consequence of living through armed conflict. We use survey data from Nepal during the armed conflict (1996-2006) to examine how trauma, sex and gender, age, marriage, and household size affect fear of violence. We also disaggregate types of worry, and find substantial variance on whether respondents were more concerned about livelihood consequences of conflict than physical danger. We supplement quantitative analyses with discussion of in-depth interviews from the study area on these same topics. Overall, our results highlight the enduring impact of gender roles in Nepal and that conflict might disproportionately affect those who are already vulnerable and have greater social responsibilities. This article provides a unique comparison between fear of violence during armed conflict in a low-income country to the fear of crime literature based in high-income countries.

DOI: 10.1016/j.ssresearch.2018.01.004

PMCID: PMC5846491

Publication Abstract

Smith-Greenaway, Emily, Sarah R. Brauner-Otto, and William G. Axinn. 2018. “Offspring Education and Parental Mortality: Evidence from South Asia.” Social Science Research 76:157-168.

Decades of research show that education not only confers individual health benefits, but it also spills over to advantage subsequent generations. More recently, research has confirmed that the intergenerational health benefits of education can also flow upward: aging adults with more highly educated children experience better health and higher survival. Research has documented this finding in high-income settings, and also in select low- and middle-income contexts, raising questions about how having an adult child who attended relatively low levels of education can benefit aging parents’ well-being. In this study, we use multilevel, long-term panel data on a cohort of older adults from the Chitwan Valley Family Study in rural Nepal to establish whether the association between offspring education and parents’ survival is observable in this extremely poor, agrarian context. Extending past studies, we then leverage additional data on older adults to examine the association between offspring education and two theorized mechanisms: older adults’ better health behaviors and their greater support in later life.

DOI: 10.1016/j.ssresearch.2018.07.001

PMCID: PMC6408726